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The Cost of Defence Public Database

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The Cost of Defence Public Database

This database makes available much of the data relating to the defence budget and defence spending that ASPI has accumulated since it was established in 2001. It aims to help researchers and organisations to develop their own analysis and visualisations of the defence portfolio.

The database amalgamates historical data from a broad range of sources including:

  • Department of Defence portfolio budget statements (PBS) and portfolio additional estimates statements (PAES)
  • Department of Defence annual reports
  • Defence policy documents such as white papers and strategic updates
  • Australian government budget papers
  • Australian National Audit Office reports, in particular the annual Major Projects Report

The data is presented in Microsoft Excel files which are available for download. Some pre-made charts and graphics have also been generated as supplementary material.

Much of this data is presented and analysed in ASPI’s annual The Cost of Defence budget brief. You can read this year’s The Cost of Defence report here.

ASPI will update the data at key milestone during the year, such as publication of the PBS (usually May), PAES (January) and Defence annual report (October).

The following categories of data are available for download:

  • Defence funding
  • The Capital Program
  • The Sustainment Program
  • Personnel
  • Flying Hours and Costs
  • The Cost of Operations
  • Defence Cooperation Program
  • Shipbuilding
  • External Data Sources

We will be progressively adding to the database and will include unclassified documents that may no longer be available online.

Defence Funding

The following datasets are available for download:

Defence funding

  • Total defence funding in nominal and real terms
  • Total defence funding as a percentage of GDP
  • Annual percentage growth in defence funding

The Big 3

  • Historical breakdown between acquisition, sustainment and personnel spending
     

The Capital Program

The following datasets are available for download:

Capital program funding

  • Contains the top-level funding for the main capital programs (e.g. equipment, facilities, ICT)

Project budgets and expenditure

  • Contains all the data from Defence annual reports on project expenditure

The Sustainment Program

The following datasets are available for download:

Sustainment program funding

  • Contains historical top-level sustainment spending broken down by group/service

Top 20/Top 30 sustainment products

  • Contains the annual sustainment spend for the most expensive capabilities.
     

Personnel

The following datasets are available for download:

Personnel costs

  • Total cost of Defence’s people

Personnel numbers

  • Personnel numbers broken down by service

Women in Defence

  • The number of women in Defence broken down by service

The Cost of Operations

The following datasets are available for download:

The cost of operations

  • Spending on operations, 1999-present
     

Defence Cooperation Program

The following datasets are available for download:

Defence Cooperation Program budget

  • Spending on the DCP broken down by region
     

Shipbuilding

The following datasets are available for download:

Shipbuilding expenditure

  • Annual spend on domestic shipbuilding programs

Shipbuilding workforce

  • Defence data on predicted workforce on domestic shipbuilding, broken down by program and state

External Data Sources

Department of Defence

Other government data

Parliament

  • Senate estimates hearings, link
  • Parliamentary Standing Committee on Public Works, link
  • Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, link
  • Joint Committee of Public Accounts and Audit, link
    • Conducts inquiries that follow up Australian National Audit Office reports

Global economic indicators

Regional and global defence spending

US Department of Defense budget documentation

Defence exports/imports

ADF

Australian Defence Force

ACSC

Australian Cyber Security Centre

IEC

the International Electrotechnical Commission

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IoT

Internet of Things

IoTAA

Internet of Things Alliance Australia

ISO

International Organisation for Standardization

USB

universal serial bus

IIOT

Industrial Internet of Things

ASD

Australian Signals Directorate

CCP

Chinese Communist Party

MERICS

Mercator Institute for China Studies

PRC

Peoples Republic of China

VPN

virtual private network

AI

Artificial Intelligence

SCS

Social Credit System

BRI

One Belt, One Road initiative

CETC

China Electronics Technology Group Corporation

NGO

nongovernment organisation

RFID

radio-frequency identification

CFIUS

Committee on Foreign Investment in the US

SVAIL

Silicon Valley Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

UTS

University of Technology Sydney

ATO

Australian Taxation Office

COAG

Council of Australian Governments

DHS

Department of Human Services

DTA

Digital Transformation Agency

FIS

Face Identification Service

FVS

Face Verification Service

TDIF

Trusted Digital Identity Framework

NUDT

National University of Defense Technology

PLAIEU

PLA Information Engineering University

RFEU

Rocket Force Engineering University

STEM

science, technology, engineering and mathematics

UNSW

University of New South Wales

ZISTI

Zhengzhou Information Science and Technology Institute

AFP

Australian Federal Police

ACIC

Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation