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The Cost of Defence Public Database

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The Cost of Defence Public Database

Updated: 21 June 2021

This database makes available much of the data relating to the defence budget and defence spending that ASPI has accumulated since it was established in 2001. It aims to help researchers and organisations to develop their own analysis and visualisations of the defence portfolio.

The database amalgamates historical data from a broad range of sources including:

  • Department of Defence portfolio budget statements (PBS) and portfolio additional estimates statements (PAES)
  • Department of Defence annual reports
  • Defence policy documents such as white papers and strategic updates
  • Australian government budget papers
  • Australian National Audit Office reports, in particular the annual Major Projects Report

The data is presented in Microsoft Excel files which are available for download. Some pre-made charts and graphics have also been generated as supplementary material.

Much of this data is presented and analysed in ASPI’s annual The Cost of Defence budget brief. You can read this year’s The Cost of Defence report here.

ASPI will update the data at key milestone during the year, such as publication of the PBS (usually May), PAES (January) and Defence annual report (October).

The following categories of data are available for download:

  • Defence funding
  • The Capital Program
  • The Sustainment Program
  • Personnel
  • Flying Hours and Costs
  • The Cost of Operations
  • Defence Cooperation Program
  • Shipbuilding
  • External Data Sources

We will be progressively adding to the database and will include unclassified documents that may no longer be available online.

1Defence Funding

The following datasets are available for download:

Defence funding

  • Total defence funding in nominal and real terms
  • Total defence funding as a percentage of GDP
  • Annual percentage growth in defence funding

    Defence Funding: 2006-07 to 2029-30

    The Big 3

    • Historical breakdown between acquisition, sustainment and personnel spending

    2The Capital Program

    The following datasets are available for download:

    Capital program funding

    • Contains the top-level funding for the main capital programs (e.g. equipment, facilities, ICT)

    Project budgets and expenditure

    • Contains all the data from Defence annual reports on project expenditure

    3The Sustainment Program

    The following datasets are available for download:

    Sustainment program funding

    • Contains historical top-level sustainment spending broken down by group/service

    Top 20/Top 30 sustainment products

    • Contains the annual sustainment spend for the most expensive capabilities.
       

    4Personnel

    The following datasets are available for download:

    Personnel costs

    • Total cost of Defence’s people

    Personnel numbers

    • Personnel numbers broken down by service

    Women in Defence

    • The number of women in Defence broken down by service

    6The Cost of Operations

    The following datasets are available for download:

    The cost of operations

    • Spending on operations, 1999-present

    7Defence Cooperation Program

    The following datasets are available for download:

    Defence Cooperation Program budget

    • Spending on the DCP broken down by region

    8Shipbuilding

    The following datasets are available for download:

    Shipbuilding expenditure

    • Annual spend on domestic shipbuilding programs

    Shipbuilding workforce

    • Defence data on predicted workforce on domestic shipbuilding, broken down by program and state

    External Data Sources

    Department of Defence

    Other government data

    Parliament

    • Senate estimates hearings, link
    • Parliamentary Standing Committee on Public Works, link
    • Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, link
    • Joint Committee of Public Accounts and Audit, link
      • Conducts inquiries that follow up Australian National Audit Office reports

    Global economic indicators

    Regional and global defence spending

    US Department of Defense budget documentation

    Defence exports/imports

    ADF

    Australian Defence Force

    ACSC

    Australian Cyber Security Centre

    IEC

    the International Electrotechnical Commission

    IEEE

    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

    IoT

    Internet of Things

    IoTAA

    Internet of Things Alliance Australia

    ISO

    International Organisation for Standardization

    USB

    universal serial bus

    IIOT

    Industrial Internet of Things

    ASD

    Australian Signals Directorate

    CCP

    Chinese Communist Party

    MERICS

    Mercator Institute for China Studies

    PRC

    Peoples Republic of China

    VPN

    virtual private network

    AI

    Artificial Intelligence

    SCS

    Social Credit System

    BRI

    One Belt, One Road initiative

    CETC

    China Electronics Technology Group Corporation

    NGO

    nongovernment organisation

    RFID

    radio-frequency identification

    CFIUS

    Committee on Foreign Investment in the US

    SVAIL

    Silicon Valley Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

    UTS

    University of Technology Sydney

    ATO

    Australian Taxation Office

    COAG

    Council of Australian Governments

    DHS

    Department of Human Services

    DTA

    Digital Transformation Agency

    FIS

    Face Identification Service

    FVS

    Face Verification Service

    TDIF

    Trusted Digital Identity Framework

    NUDT

    National University of Defense Technology

    PLAIEU

    PLA Information Engineering University

    RFEU

    Rocket Force Engineering University

    STEM

    science, technology, engineering and mathematics

    UNSW

    University of New South Wales

    ZISTI

    Zhengzhou Information Science and Technology Institute

    AFP

    Australian Federal Police

    ACIC

    Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission

    NATO

    North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

    A4P

    Action for Peacekeeping

    ASEAN

    Association of Southeast Asian Nations

    C-34

    Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations

    CTOAP

    Peacekeeping Training Centre (Timor-Leste)

    F-FDTL

    Timor-Leste Defence Force

    MFO

    Multinational Force and Observers

    MINUSCA

    UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic

    MINUSMA

    UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali

    MONUSCO

    UN Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    PNGDF

    Papua New Guinea Defence Force

    PNTL

    National Police of Timor-Leste

    RAMSI

    Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands

    RFMF

    Republic of Fiji Military Forces

    RPNGC

    Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary

    RSIPF

    Royal Solomon Islands Police Force

    UNAMI

    UN Assistance Mission for Iraq

    UNAMID

    UN–African Union Mission in Darfur

    UNAMIR

    UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda

    UNAVEM

    UN Angola Verification Mission

    UNDOF

    UN Disengagement Observer Force

    UNIFIL

    UN Interim Force in Lebanon

    UNIKOM

    UN Iraq–Kuwait Observation Mission

    UNIOGBIS

    UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office for Guinea-Bissau

    UNISFA

    UN Interim Security Force for Abyei

    UNOSOM

    UN Operation in Somalia

    UNMHA

    UN Mission to Support the Hodeidah Agreement

    UNMIBH

    UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    UNMIK

    UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo

    UNMIL

    UN Mission in Liberia

    UNMIS

    UN Mission in Sudan

    UNMISET

    UN Mission of Support to East Timor

    UNMISS

    UN Mission in South Sudan

    UNMIT

    UN Integrated Mission in East Timor

    UNOTIL

    UN Office in East Timor

    UNSMIS

    UN Supervision Mission in Syria

    UNTAC

    UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia

    UNTAES

    UN Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium

    UNTAET

    UN Transitional Administration in East Timor

    UNTSO

    UN Truce Supervision Organization